This chart shows that law and order is chiefly the states' job in the United States. Trends in U.S. and state district court caseloads reflect this division of labor as the comparison of U.S. and Texas state district court caseloads stacked in the chart shows. Federal district courts handle significantly fewer cases than Texas district courts alone. In 2003, for example, Texas district courts took on more than 800,000 new cases compared with just less than 320,000 new cases in U.S. district courts. Both federal and state caseloads increase gradually over time with population growth. But relative to population the differences in caseloads are far more dramatic. From 1981 to 2003 U.S. district courts received annually on average 95 civil cases and about 19 criminal cases for each 100,000 U.S. inhabitants. Texas district courts averaged twenty-five times more civil cases (2,439) and fifty-two times more criminal cases (991) for every 100,000 Texans.