Incomes everywhere in Texas today are higher than they were
three decades ago. But workers in the biggest cities--Dallas, Ft.
Worth, Houston, Austin--generally earn the highest incomes, exceeding
state and, for some, national averages. Even the 1980s oil industry
bust and the post-2000 high-tech downturn did not reduce incomes in the
hard-hit richest cities to the level of San Antonio. Incomes in other
parts of Texas, especially poor El Paso and the impoverished Border, are