Population Totals Group Percentages
Population Growth in Texas, 1850-2000
Population Growth chart
long description of chart

The population of Texas has grown one-hundred fold in the century and a half since statehood and changed dramatically in composition. In 1850, almost 70 percent of the state's 212,592 inhabitants were white, the majority settlers from other states. About 28 percent were black slaves and the rest were Hispanic or Indian. By 2000, with a population straining toward 21 million, whites had shrunk to 50 percent and African-Americans were under 12 percent. Almost 34 percent were Hispanics while Asian and "other" groups exceeded 4 percent.

Source: U.S. Census; IPUMS. (full source) (variables)